PHE Obesity Publications
Changes in children’s body mass index between 2006/07 and 2013/14: NCMP
This report is the sixth in a series of annual reports which use National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) data to examine changes in children’s body mass index (BMI) that have taken place since 2006/07. It explores trends in obesity, overweight, excess weight and underweight prevalence, as well as changes in mean BMI over time. Trends within different socioeconomic and ethnic groups are also examined to determine whether existing health inequalities are widening or becoming smaller.
NCMP guidance for data sharing and analysis
The 2013/14 NCMP guidance for data sharing and analysis provides information on further analyses that may be undertaken on the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) datasets in order to: produce a regional or local overview of the data; obtain a better understanding of the epidemiology of child obesity and overweight within an area; feedback useful information to school nursing teams, schools, or other partners, ensuring confidentiality of the data; help improve future participation and data quality in the NCMP. Further analysis of the NCMP dataset is optional. This guidance is designed to support those local authorities and other organisations that wish to undertake additional investigation of the data.
Making the case for tackling obesity - why invest?
This set of infographic slides identifies reasons why it is important for local authorities and others to invest in tackling obesity. The slide set illustrates the facts and figures about obesity, the costs, the benefits of investing and the potential routes to action. An accompanying reference sheet is included
- Download: Making the case for tackling obesity - why invest?- February 2015
- Download: Supporting references
NCMP: Changes in children’s BMI between 2006/07 and 2012/13
This report is the fifth in a series of annual reports which use National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) data to examine the changes in children’s body mass index (BMI) that have taken place since 2006/07. It summarises changes in prevalence of obesity and excess weight, mean BMI (adjusted for age) and changes across the BMI distribution. Analysis has also been conducted to examine changes by level of socioeconomic deprivation and by ethnic group.
Published November 2014
Download: Changes in children’s BMI between 2006/07 and 2012/13
Download: Summary of key findings
Obesity and fitness: The relationship between obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality
The relationship between obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality This paper presents recent evidence behind the relationship between obesity, cardiovascular fitness and mortality, and briefly explores the main public health implications.
Published November 2014
Guide to online tools for valuing physical activity, sport and obesity programmes
There have been a number of online tools published recently that help the user to perform calculations to make the case for investment in the promotion of physical activity and/or the prevention of obesity. This briefing summarises the available online tools and provides guidance on which tool to use in which situation. The briefing is written primarily for practitioners working in local authorities who may wish to make an assessment of health benefits in order to guide planning and investment decisions. It will be useful to health and social care professionals; sport and physical activity providers and planners; transport professionals and academics.
Published October 2014
Adult obesity and type 2 diabetes
This report describes the relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes among adults. It describes the epidemiology of each disorder, how the two conditions are linked and why they present a major public health challenge. Latest available data and evidence illustrate prevalence trends in both obesity and diabetes at a national and local level as well as the potential implications in terms of health consequences, inequalities and cost.
Published July 2014
Download Adult obesity and type 2 diabetes
Weight Management Economic Assessment Tool
This tool is designed to help public health professionals make an economic assessment of existing or planned weight management interventions. It will be useful to commissioners who wish to compare the costs of an intervention with potential cost savings it may produce.
The tool has been developed by Public Health England in conjunction with a panel of experts.
NOTE: this version is Phase One of the tool. Phase Two is under development. In particular we are exploring alternative relative risk estimates, the incorporation of social care costs and a time horizon which may be specified by the user. Phase Two of the tool will be available later in 2015.
Published April 2014
Obesity and disability - children and young people
This paper examines the evidence linking obesity and disability in children and young people. It looks at a range of impairments or health conditions associated with disability and explores the main obesity-related chronic health conditions that can develop during childhood and adolescence. It also highlights:
- inequalities experienced by children and young people in relation to obesity and disability
- implications for policy, practice and research
- survey data on obesity and limiting long-term illness or disability
Published March 2014
Social and economic inequalities in diet and physical activity
This briefing paper describes social and economic inequalities associated with two of the key determinants of obesity - diet and physical activity. The paper also explores possible explanations for these inequalities.
Published November 2013
Obesity and disability - adults
This paper examines the evidence linking obesity and disability in adults. It looks in detail at the most prevalent disabling conditions in the UK as reported by the Department for Work and Pensions: arthritis, back pain, mental health disorders and learning disabilities. It also discusses:
- the two-way relationship between obesity and disability in adults
- issues around obesity, disability and inequalities
- the implications for health and social care
- analysis of Health Survey for England data on obesity and long-term limiting illness or disability
Published June 2013
Download: Obesity and disability - adults
Changes in children’s BMI between 2006/07 and 2011/12
This report presents analysis of data from the first six years of the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) and describes the changes that have taken place across survey years in the body mass index (BMI) of children aged 4–5 and 10–11 years attending state maintained schools in England.
Prevalence of obesity and mean BMI (adjusted for age) have been used to summarise the BMI of the child population by school year and sex. Analysis has also been conducted to examine changes by level of socioeconomic deprivation, by ethnic group, and across the BMI distribution. This report provides an update on the analysis presented by the National Obesity Observatory (NOO) in 2012.
Published February 2013
TV viewing and obesity in children and young people
TV viewing has been linked to increased obesity among children and young people, but is there evidence to support this view? This one page summary outlines the association between TV viewing and obesity, with reference to unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary behaviour and exposure to TV advertising.
Published June 2012
Changes in children’s BMI between 2006/07 and 2010/11
This report presents analysis of data from the first five years of National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) and describes the changes that have taken place across survey years in the body mass index (BMI) of children aged 4–5 and 10–11 years attending state maintained schools in England.
Prevalence of obesity and mean BMI (adjusted for age) have been used to summarise the BMI of the child population by school year and sex. Analysis has also been conducted to examine changes across the BMI distribution, by level of socioeconomic deprivation, and by ethnic group.
This report provides an update on the analysis presented by the National Obesity Observatory (NOO) in 2011
Obesity and alcohol – an overview
This paper aims to provide a brief overview of current understanding of the key issues related to obesity and alcohol in the following areas:
- Alcohol consumption and energy intake
- Patterns and levels of drinking
- Alcohol, obesity and liver cirrhosis
- Alcohol dependency and obesity
- Obesity, alcohol and gender.
Published February 2012
Download: Obesity and alcohol – an overview
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